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In 1990 werd de Freedom of Speech Award toegekend ter herinnering aan hen die met hun stem het IJzeren Gordijn hielpen vernietigen. Andrej Sacharov is hun symbool, een van de moedigste mannen van onze tijd. Adrian Brine las een gedicht van Jevgeni Jevtoesjenko voor ter herinnering aan Sacharov. 

Freedom of Speech Award
Those whose voices helped destroy the Iron curtain
Those whose voices helped destroy the Iron curtain

Het gedicht: A STRIKING HEART, Dedicated to the memory of A.D. Sakharov

The heart went on strike,

as if it were a mine.

Just yesterday,

hair even whiter in the snow,

he left the Kremlin, hatless,


through ghosts of boyars,


and leaders.

Malyuta spied on him in the powdery snow,

and so did Beria,

and that pock-marked butcher….


His last words to his wife

and the world were:

"Tomorrow there will be a battle…."

History's most peaceful rebel,

in dying, he

did not come down from the cross,

but he left a horrifying hole

in the moral fabric of the world.



There is no strike more terrible,

But in defiance of advancing death

stoop shouldered,

face whiter than a leaflet,

he raised his fists

above the Congress's jeers.


Not vengeance,

not personal spite,

but reason led him to save the country

from rule by arrogance,


which had turned into war against the self.


He understood, in premonition of the end,

boos still ringing in his ears:

that unenlightened semifreedom

was just a step away from enlightened freedom.


O, Homeland!

weary of tears and groans,


and prisons,

and hospitals,

don't grow accustomed

after the murder of millions

to the loss of individual geniuses.

The pivot of a nation

is an individual.

A nation is made up of people,

not zeros.


O Homeland!

to keep from freezing over,

learn at last to be warmer toward your geniuses.

We 're too closely enmeshed

with the base and the unclean,

and if we solve complexities crudely,

head on,

we will have to weep over the idealists

we hound to the grave.


Will we be able to avert apathy

and keep up our spirits and our conscience,

and worry how to earn our freedom

where power belongs to everyone

and the only authority is conscience?

Let's unite at the fateful mountains pass!

As long as our hearts

bear up under the load

and do not tire,

do not go on strike….

As long as there is a tomorrow,

tomorrow there will be a battle.



Translated, from the Russian, by Antonina W. Bouis. December 15, 1989.

Andere laureaten uit 1990

 Jacques Delors
 Jacques Delors
International Four Freedoms Award

Vaclav Havel & Jacques Delors

Laszlo Tokes
Laszlo Tokes
Freedom of Worship Award

Laszlo Tokes

Jonkheer Emile van Lennep
Jonkheer Emile van Lennep
Freedom from Want Award

Jonkheer Emile van Lennep

Simon Wiesenthal
Simon Wiesenthal
Freedom from Fear Award

Simon Wiesenthal