In 1995, Prime Minister Ruud Lubbers received the International Four Freedoms Award. He received the award for his excellent work as a political leader in the Netherlands and his efforts to improve Western European-American relations and make the European Union stronger. And for his contributions to the World Trade Agreements (GATT) and his help in rebuilding the energy resources of the former Soviet Union.
More about Mr Lubbers
Dr.h.c. Rudolphus Franciscus Marie (Ruud) Lubbers was born in 1939 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. After studying economics, he worked in business. In 1973, Lubbers began his political career as Minister of Economic Affairs in the Den Uyl cabinet. He played a major role in the creation of the Christian Democratic Alliance (CDA) as a Christian fusion party. Lubbers eventually became prime minister in 1982 and remained so until 1994.
After 1994, Lubbers began teaching at Harvard University and Tilburg University. Between 2001 and 2005, he was the High Commissioner for Refugees for the United Nations (UN). In his final years, Lubbers devoted himself as an activist for environmental preservation, multiculturalism, nuclear arms reduction and a positive view of immigrants and refugees. Lubbers died in 2018 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
Positions and articles
Lubbers held the following positions:
● Minister of Economic Affairs (1973 - 1977)
● Member of Parliament (1977 - 1982, 1986, 1989)
● Party chairman (1978 - 1982, 1986, 1989)
● Prime Minister (1982 - 1994)
● CDA political leader (1982 - 1994)
● CDA list leader (1986, 1989)
● Informant (2006, 2010)
He wrote the following books:
● Inspiration for global governance. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Earth Charter, Ruud Lubbers, Kluwer, 2008
● De vrees voorbij. Een hartenkreet, Ruud Lubbers, De Bezige Bij, 2007
● Als je moet vluchten, Ruud Lubbers, Gianotten, 2002
● Geloof in de samenleving. Christen-democratie in 3 generaties: Ruys, Klompé, Lubbers, Ruud Lubbers, Valkhof pers, 1998
● Europe. A continent of traditions, Ruud Lubbers, Cambridge University Press, 1994
● Samen onderweg. Over democratie, christendom en samenleving, economie en internationale vraagstukken, Ruud Lubbers, Het Spectrum, 1991
● Bedrijven in moeilijkheden. Een serie universitaire voordrachten over een economisch beleid in moeilijkheden, Ruud Lubbers, Tjeenk Willink, 1980
● Democratie en efficiency. Congrespapers van de landelijke economistendag, 3 september 1977, Ruud Lubbers, Meulenhoff Educatief, 1977
● Energienota, Ruud Lubbers, Staatsuitgeverij, 1974
After his first term as prime minister, Lubbers was appointed a knight in the Order of the Dutch Lion. In 1994, he was appointed a Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Dutch Lion.