Laureates since 1982
JAVIER PEREZ DE CUELLAR
International Four Freedoms Award
Born in Lima, Peru, in 1920, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar has served his country as a diplomat in several capacities. In 1971 he was appointed Permanent Representative of Peru to the United Nations. He assumed office as Secretary-General of the United Nations in 1982 and served two terms of office. He has helped to usher in an era in which nations are prepared to respect human rights and to use their collective strength to resist aggression.
Freedom of Speech and Expression Award
Born in Baku, Azerbaidzhan, in 1927. He is a renowned conductor, cellist, and pianist. He was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1974 his efforts on behalf of humanitarian causes. In 1977 he became Music Director of the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington. He personally supported the resistance to the coup in the Soviet Union in 1991. For his outspoken defense of human rights both in the days of brutal repression in the Soviet Union and during the transition to democracy.
Freedom of Worship Award
Born in Bollington, United Kingdom, in 1939. He acquired wide working knowledge of conditions in Third World countries. In the 1980s he was sent by the Archbishop of Canterbury to Iran, Libya and Lebanon as his envoy to seek the freedom of western hostages. In 1987 he was himself captured. In November 1991 he was finally released. For his bravery and unwavering fidelity to God's command that showed the world again how a single individual, sustained by faith, can transform disaster into an opportunity to advance the work of the Lord.
Freedom from Want Award
Born in The Hague, the Netherlands, in 1903. He applied the methodology of physics to economics and was a pioneer in econometrics. He served at the League of Nations. From 1966 to 1974 he chaired the United Nations Committee for Development Planning. He pleaded for more international cooperation. For his work in assisting developing nations to establish productive economies and in encouraging privileged nations to accept their responsibilities to nations in need.
Freedom from Fear Award
Born in London, United Kingdom, in 1919. He served his country in many capacities, among others as Leader of the House of Lords and Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs. From 1984 to 1988 he served as Secretary-General of NATO. For seeking for humanity the benefits and blessings of Freedom from Fear by supporting the concepts of collective security and mutual arms control.